Russian women artists 19-20 cc. in the third part of our selection are represented by the following persons:
1. Alexandra Makovskaya
1837-1915 – years of life of Alexandra Egorovna Makovskaya. She was born in Moscow in the family of the artist Yegor Makovsky. In addition to Alexandra, the family also had three sons, who later became famous artists: Constantine, Vladimir and Nikolay Makovsky. Little is known about Alexander: she did not receive a special art education anywhere, but learned everything from her brothers-artists. Wrote Alexandra, basically, landscapes. Her works were popular with collectors. Now the artist's works are in public and private collections in Russia..
2. Rzhevskaya (Popova) Antonina Leonardovna
Antonina Popova was born 24 February 1861 g. in g. Rzhev Tver province of the Russian Empire. FROM 1880 Antonina attended the Moscow School of Painting, sculpture and architecture, her teacher was Makovsky Vladimir Egorovich. IN 1886 the artist married Rzhevsky N. F., two daughters were born in their family. Antonina Rzhevskaya was among “Wanderers” (there were two women in society). The artist died in 1934 year in Tarusa.
3. Ermolaeva Vera Mikhailovna
Vera Ermolaeva was born 15 November 1893 years in the village of Klyuchi, Saratov province in a wealthy family. As a child, Vera fell from a horse and was injured, after which she was forever disabled: she only walked with crutches. Hoping for European medicine, parents transferred Vera to France, and they returned to Russia only in 1904 year.
IN 1910 Vera Mikhailovna Ermolaeva graduated from the women's gymnasium of Princess A.A. Obolenskaya. IN 1911 year she entered the private art school Bernstein M. D. Soon she became interested in futurism.
IN 1918 year Yermolaeva began to illustrate children's books. IN 1919 year she took the post of deputy director of the Vitebsk People's Art School, whose director at the time was Mark Chagal. Thanks to her patronage, Kazimir Malevich was promoted to teaching, Ermolaeva herself becomes an ardent admirer of Suprematism.
IN 1921 year Ermolaeva takes the place of Chagall. IN 1929 year, the artist collects the Group of pictorial and plastic realism, collective meetings were held at Ermolaeva's apartment.
IN 1934 year, a denunciation was sent about Vera Mikhailovna's apartment owners, which stated, that their participants are engaged in anti-Soviet activities. Ermolaeva was first arrested for three years in labor camps, and then, in 1937 year, shot.
4. Courier (Vohina) Pelageya Petrovna
The years of the life of Pelageya Petrovna – 1848-1898. Daughter of Lieutenant General Vokhin P. IN. studied painting with Lev Feliksovich Lagorio. IN 1876 year, her first participation in the exhibition took place. The main creative interest for the artist was landscapes and the countryside.. IN 1882 year Curiar founded the First Ladies' Art Circle.
5. Bazanova Lydia Pavlovna
Lydia Pavlovna Bazanova (Pupareva) born in 1864 year in the village of Sernovodsk (Samara province). Studied painting at the Moscow School of Painting, sculpture and architecture. IN 1900 year together with her husband went to Tomsk, where she successfully began to develop the artistic life of the city, in particular the Tomsk Society of Art Lovers. Besides, opened several painting and drawing classes, and in her workshop she taught painting to those who wish. Through the artist's work, exhibitions were held in Tomsk.
However, in 1913 year Lydia Pavlovna left Tomsk due to the persecution of competitors from “Tomsk Society of Art Lovers”. Three years later, the artist died in Kazan.
6. Lang (Aronsberg) Evgeniya Alexandrovna
Years of life of Evgenia Alexandrovna – 1890-1973. The artist worked in the technique of painting and graphics. Her first teacher was V Meshkov. N. FROM 1922 by 1924 Eugenia Lang studied at the Dresden Academy of Arts.
Through her efforts in 1910, Vl. Mayakovsky took up painting. After the revolution, Lang went abroad, but in 1962 asked permission to go back. Upon her return, she was admitted to the Union of Artists of the USSR., Lang's works began to be regularly exhibited.
7. Uspenskaya Ksenia Nikolaevna
Ksenia Nikolaevna Uspenskaya (Kologrivova on her first husband) was born 27 November 1922 years in Voronezh in the family of the Soviet scientist-biologist Nikolai Alekseevich Uspensky. Ksenia Nikolaevna received her artistic education at the Moscow Institute of Applied and Decorative Arts (MIPIDS), where was her teacher Deineka A. AND.
The second spouse of Uspenskaya was the Voronezh artist Krivoruchko V. P. Ksenia Nikolaevna died at the age of 96 years in Voronezh in 2019 year.
8. Yumankova Sirena Nikitichna
Sirena Yumankova was born 25 October 1930 of the year. Educated at the Moscow School of Industrial Art named after. Kalinin. She taught painting and drawing at the Abramtsevo Art and Industrial School with 1955 by 1959 year. FROM 1959 to 1965 years in “Moscow State Art Institute named after V.I.Surikov”. Sirena Nikitichna died in 1965 year.