Anna Akhmatova (1889-1966), Odessa-Moscow

фото юной Анны Ахматовой, Анна Ахматова (Горенко)
A brief summary of the main facts from the life of the Russian poetess Anna Akhmatova:
1. Year and place of birth of Anna Akhmatova. A family

Anna Akhmatova (Gorenko) was born 23 June 1889 year near Odessa in a place with a beautiful name Big Fountain. Her childhood was overshadowed by her parents' divorce. It all happened because of the frivolous adventures of the father of the family, Andrey Gorenko, retired navy officer. Anna's mother, Inna Erasmovna, completely devoted herself to children, trying to make amends for her negligent spouse. Every summer she took out the children to improve their health in Sevastopol.
2. Education

When it's time to decide on a place to study, Anna's choice fell on the Smolny Institute. However, unable to withstand strict routines, Akhmatova soon left him, explaining your decision simply: “He loves me a little”. The future poetess continued her education at the Mariinsky gymnasium in Tsarskoe Selo.
Ахматова Анна
3. Anna's feelings and relationships

Anna Andreevna was extremely attractive, slender, dark hair, with gray eyes. She immediately became an object of attention for high school students. But girl, eventually, chose that, who didn't need it and just used it. It was a high school student Vladimir Kutuzov-Golenishchev, future orientalist.
IN 1904 year Akhmatova 14. She took the meeting with Nikolai Gumilyov lightly. And the one, opposite, fell in love at first sight and offered her a hand and a heart at any opportunity.
Гумилев Николай, поэт
Nikolay Gumilev.
4. Nikolay Gumilev and Amedeo Modigliani

Nikolai was from a wealthy family. His parents paid for the publication of the first book of their son's poems, and also provided him with a trip to Europe. However, after being abroad, Nikolai began to yearn for Anna, suffer from unrequited love and even twice tries to commit suicide. Soon, Anna gave her consent to become Gumilyov's wife.
The wedding took place in 1910 year, after which the young poets went to Paris. Once in Montmartre, Akhmatova met the artist Amedeo Modigliani and was fascinated by him. Gumilev did not like the artist, he called him “drunken monster”. After a while, Akhmatova began an affair with an Italian artist and sculptor.
Ахматова Анна (1889-1966), Одесса-Москва
Amadeo Modigliani and one of the many portraits of Akhmatova.
5. Confession

Artist incredibly impressed Anna, but at that time she was loyal to Gumilev. They lived in a small room near Tuchkov Bridge.

Until now, literary scholars argue, were the poets happy with each other? Gumilyov long ignored his wife's poetic gift, invited her to become a dancer, noting her flexibility. But Anna said, what cannot but be a poet, and then Gumilyov gave up and helped publish her first book of poetry “Evening”.

Soon Akhmatova was recognized as her in literary circles at that time, how the marriage of two poets is bursting at the seams. Akhmatova has lovers. Later in emigrant circles there will even be rumors about her connections with Emperor Nicholas II.. Gumilyov also does not differ in the qualities of a decent family man.

Анна Ахматова
6. Change

IN 1912 year Akhmatova and Gumilyov have a son Lev. But a child does not save marriage, and c 1918 year poets disagree. The time has come hard. Akhmatova did not accept the revolution, but she also refused the option to emigrate.

Гумилев и Ахматова с сыном Львом
Gumilyov and Akhmatova with their son Leo
7. Shileiko Vladimir Kazimirovich

Akhmatova is getting married a second time. Gumilyov's mother is still looking after little Leva. The new husband of Anna Andreevna Shileiko Vladimir Kazimirovich, talented scientist, addicted to poetry. But Shileiko also turned out to be a lousy husband, like Gumilyov, escaping from the family then to the war, then to other women.
Шилейко Владимир, ученый, муж Ахматовой
Vladimir Shileiko

Shileiko and Akhmatova lived in poverty, but this did not stop Akhmatova from striking those around her with a regal posture and royal manners. As if she didn't live in some outhouse, but in the palace itself.

Very soon Akhmatova understood, that this marriage is a misunderstanding, but put up with him, as a voluntary punishment. Her husband admired her as a scientist: he knew 52 language, but is it really necessary for family happiness?

Shileiko was terribly jealous and locked the gates, so that Akhmatova does not go anywhere. And she was so thin, that crawled under the gate like a snake. Arthur Lurie was waiting for her on the street, with whom she had a fleeting affair. This gate has survived to this day, but now they are rooted in the ground. IN 1921 year Akhmatova nevertheless decided to divorce Shileiko. And the one, in its turn, loved to tell his students, what he himself threw to Akhmatova.

8. Scary year

1921 years was terrible for Akhmatova. Nikolay Gumilyov was arrested and shot in August. Akhmatova did little to raise her son, but it was she who gave Lyova an important attitude in life: love and respect for the deceased father.
9. Nikolai Punin

Akhmatova begins an exacerbation of tuberculosis. In the hospital, art critic Nikolai Punin visits her and they gradually develop mutual feelings, despite, that Punin is married. Their relationship turned out to be the longest for Akhmatova: 15 years they were close. First as lovers, then as friends. They lived in the Fountain House, whose wing has now become the Akhmatova Museum.
Николай Пунин, муж Ахматовой, искусствовед
Nikolai Punin
10. Son lion

30-e years were marked by new arrests and repression. Osip Mandelstam is taken first, then Punina. Akhmatova breaks down to Moscow and seeks his release. And in 1938 year, when her student son is arrested, no connections help anymore.
Лев Гумилев
Lev Gumilev

The official reason for the arrest was a clash between Lev Nikolaevich and a university teacher. He questioned the route of Nikolai Gumilyov's expedition in Africa. Lev, raised in admiration for the memory of the father, objected to the professor. On the same day he was arrested. For Akhmatova, endless ordeals begin in front of the prison building in the hope of delivering the package.
11. Poverty

Love relationship with Punin ends. Akhmatova is not printed or republished, she lives in poverty and is sick a lot. But her poems go from hand to hand.
IN 1940 year there is hope for the best. A collection of six books has been printed. Is considered, that the books came out thanks to Stalin's whim, once asked with the most innocent air: “And what about Akhmatova, does not write anything?”
каждый из нас

Then there was a stir in the stores, because of Akhmatova's poems literally fought. But that was a short bright streak in the poet's life. IN 1941 year the war begins. Friends help Akhmatova to evacuate from Leningrad to Tashkent even before the famine.
Ахматова в возрасте
12. Post-war time

Lev Gumilyov's exile ends during the war, he volunteers for the front and returns with Victory. Post-war times don't make life easy. IN 1949 Punin was last arrested this year. He is destined to die in prison. It happened in August, almost day to day with the death of Gumilyov. Akhmatova gave the tragic coincidence a sacred meaning: “Every August, Good god, So many holidays and deaths”.
However, November 1949 the year was no better. Lev Gumilyov is sentenced to 10 years of camps. Akhmatova's name is banned until 1954 of the year. Lev Gumilyov was released only in 1956 year.
13. Last years

For Akhmatova, the last decade of her life is the least tragic and very fruitful.. Her books are being printed, in Italy she was awarded a literary prize. Akhmatova receives the honorary title of professor of Oxford and a real mantle. And in Russia she has talented students, such as Joseph Brodsky. Akhmatova died after the fourth heart attack 5 Martha 1966 of the year, being in Moscow, but bequeathed to bury herself near Leningrad.