Dmitry Bystroletov – antipode to Solzhenitsyn. 10 facts from the life of a scout

Быстролетов Дмитрий
Bystroletov Dmitry

First of all, Dmitry Bystroletov – outstanding personality. All, who read it “Feast of the immortals” on the proportion of convicts (often innocent) in Stalin's time, celebrate, usually, not only the excellent syllable of the author, but also his life-affirming position, despite such serious and controversial topics, covered in the book. In matters of camp life, we are used to focusing on the works of Solzhenitsyn A.. AND., ascended to a pedestal at the right time, However, it is still better to look for greater objectivity in the books of Dmitry Bystroletov.

If Solzhenitsyn positions himself as a victim of political repression, then Bystroletov is characterized by a completely different position: he emphasizes the importance of the labor of Soviet prisoners for his country, hoping, that in the future it will be recognized.

Merciless work on yourself, impartial analysis of what happened, not a word of reproach and resentment against anyone – just fixing the moment, portraits of people, sketches of life in any of its manifestations, light syllable, in places lyricism and vivid images – all this is present in the description of the terrible period of the author's life. Is this not the position of the hero?

Быстролетов Дмитрий. Пир бессмертных
One of the nine books of Dm. Bystroletova

“All life on earth is afraid of death, and only one person is able to consciously conquer this fear. Stepping over the fear of death, an ideological person becomes immortal, this is his highest and eternal reward.
There are billions of mortals on earth, they leave without a trace, for them the dangers and hardships of life are a curse, for us - joy, pride and celebration!
Struggle is a feast for the immortals”.
Dmitry Bystroletov (Tolstoy) “Feast of the immortals”

Who is Dmitry Bystroletov?

1. Dmitry Alexandrovich Bystroletov by occupation, first of all, scout (he worked in Europe and even in Africa), then he is a medic (studied at the Faculty of Medicine at Charles University in Prague), lawyer (the same university), artist (took lessons in painting and graphics from professors of the Paris and Berlin Academy of Arts), Well, finally, writer.

живопись Быстролетова
Works of Bystroletova Dm.
картины Быстролетова Дм.
Works of Bystroletova Dm.
Работы Быстролетова Дм.
Works of Bystroletova Dm.

2. Dmitry Alexandrovich was born in 1901 year 3 January from. Ak-Chora (now since. Guards) Perekop district of the Tauride province (Pervomaisky district r. Crimea). Dmitry Alexandrovich's mother, Klavdia Dmitrievna Bystroletova, was the daughter of a priest of the Kuban Cossack army, but at the same time, being a front-line woman, supported the ideas of feminists and suffragettes of that time. Having given birth to a child out of wedlock, it, thereby, challenged traditional society.

Быстролетов с матерью
Swift with mother, 1913 year

As for Bystroletov's father, then it was Count Alexander Tolstoy, elder brother of the writer Alexei Tolstoy. Dmitry Alexandrovich himself gives more detailed information about his biography during 2 tome “Feast of the immortals”. You can read about it here

Researcher of the life and work of Bystroletov, Emil Dreitzer, considers, what exactly is abandonment in childhood, lack of parental care influenced Dmitry Alexandrovich's attitude: father and mother Dmitry Alexandrovich was replaced by the OGPU, and he, like a good son, tried to be helpful and loyal to him.

Дмитрий Быстролетов в юности
Dmitry Bystroletov in his youth
How Bystroletov survived in troubled times

3. After 10 years of quiet life in a foster family, 13-summer Dmitry is sent to study in Sevastopol in the midshipmen classes (2 of the year), at the same time, he combines training with studies at the Sevastopol Naval Cadet Corps. IN 1917 year Bystroletov was enlisted as a volunteer sailor in the fleet of the White Volunteer Army. This was followed by a period of determining on which side to be: with red or with white? In a state of uncertainty, Bystroletov moved to 1921 year to Turkey, there he took a job as a sailor and, After some time, managed to save money and went to Europe.

Быстролетов матрос

He found refuge in Prague – then it was one of the centers of Russian emigration. There he was educated. He is there, finally deciding who to be with, became known as a pro-Soviet young man with an active lifestyle.
Intelligence service

4. IN 1923 Bystroletov was hired by the Soviet trade mission in Prague. Soon he received Soviet citizenship and was appointed secretary of the local branch of the Union of Students-Citizens of the USSR. A year later, Bystroletov begins to work for the benefit of the homeland, performing the tasks of the OGPU. IN 1925 year student Bystroletov arrived in Moscow at the first congress of proletarian students as a delegate from the "Union". He returned back to Europe, he returned already a staff member of the Foreign Department of the OGPU, in charge of foreign intelligence.

Дмитрий Быстролетов

5. Having the proper documents with you, legend and “the roof”, Bystroletov began to master the subtleties of the work of a recruiter. The complexity of this activity is, that the scout must act for sure, which means, be convincing. Any miss – collapse of everything. At first, Dmitry Alexandrovich honed his skills on the engineering and technical workers of the concern “Damage”, then switched to recruiting more influential individuals from financial and business structures.

6. IN 1929 Bystroletov leaves for Berlin illegally. Whoever he did not have to be during this period: English lord, Hungarian count, Canadian engineer, Dutch painter, Brazilian businessman, ruthless American gangster - masks changed depending on the situation and the task. Artistry Bystroletov was not to occupy.

каждый из нас

He traveled to a number of countries, staying nowhere for a long time. At the same time, Bystroletov could speak fluently 22 languages: german, English, Flemish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, French, Danish, Spanish, italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Czech, polish, Bulgarian, Slovak, Greek, Serbo-Croatian, Turkish, Japanese, Chinese and Esperanto. In a short time, the scout became a master of obtaining secret ciphers, easily trusting the right people. Among them his frequent “victims” there were women, to each of which Bystroletov found his own approach.

Быстролетов Д.
Return to the USSR

7. After 17 years of life abroad, of which 11 - in intelligence, of them 6 - in an illegal position, Bystroletov asks the management to call him home. He is worn out and tired. The usual picture of the time: Dmitry Alexandrovich is greeted at home as a hero. Yezhov thanked him for his responsible work, he is promoted to the rank of lieutenant of state security, he takes part in the creation of the first textbook for future scouts. And suddenly it was over. 18 september 1938 years came for him.

Дмитрий Быстролетов - антипод Солженицына. 10 фактов из жизни разведчика

After repeated beatings during interrogation, Bystroletov agrees to sign papers, in which he admits that he conducted anti-Soviet activities. Sentence: 20 years of camps and 5 years of exile.
Zone

8. Norillag, Kraslag, Siblag – the place of serving the sentence of Bystroletov. My wife and mother stayed at home. In the wife (and part-time intelligence officer), Czech by nationality, Milena Iolanta's lung tuberculosis worsened. Unable to withstand the burdens that fell on her, she committed suicide. Next, Klavdia Dmitrievna laid hands on herself.

Works in the Bystroletov zone along with other convicts. Later, due to his disability, he was transferred to the post of doctor..
In order not to lose human appearance and not slide into an animal state from the cold, hunger and constant criminal situation around, he secretly goes to record keeping, in which analyzes the past, the current situation in the country, captures history, unfolding before his eyes. These records will later be included in the basis “Feast of the immortals”.

автопортрет Быстролетов
Self-portrait

9. IN 1947 year Dmitry Bystroletov is delivered to the Lubyanka in the office of the Minister of State Security of the USSR Abakumov, who invited him to work again for the good of the country in foreign intelligence, for which he will receive amnesty. To which Bystroletov replied: “I don't need amnesty. A prerequisite for my return to intelligence is complete rehabilitation.”. And they didn’t forgive him and put him in solitary confinement for three years., in which Dmitry Alexandrovich severely undermined his health, as a psychological, and physical. Bystroletov was released in 1954 year for health reasons. IN 1956 year he was rehabilitated "for lack of corpus delicti".

On the loose

10. At large, Dmitry Alexandrovich had to live more 18 years old. While in camp, he met a woman, Ivanova Anna Mikhailovna, and she became his faithful companion in life.

In a new life, Bystroletov did not remain idle. He got a job as a consultant and translator at the scientific research institute of medical and technical direction, Where, by the way, amazed employees with their efficiency. He wrote the screenplay for the film "The Man in Plainclothes" about the work of intelligence, filmed in 1973 year. But most importantly, perhaps, Bystroletov left us his literary monument, objective evidence of that life, which a whole generation of Soviet people had to experience.

Died Dmitry Bystroletov 3 may 1975 of the year.

Дмитрий Быстролетов - антипод Солженицына. 10 фактов из жизни разведчика

P.S. Book “Feast of the immortals” can be easily disassembled into quotes, the author expresses his thoughts so succinctly and meaningfully:

“You see, Alyosha, two truths always coexist in the world: one is profitable, the other is unprofitable. Once in the world there is a struggle, then one side benefits from one, and for the other - just the opposite.
- But the truth is only one! There can be no two truths!
- Sure. But we must firmly and loudly affirm the beneficial truth, scream about her, agitate for her, and the unfavorable truth - not to notice, pretend, that she is not. In the fight it is impossible otherwise: it is foolish for the love of abstract truth to weaken one's position and strengthen the position of enemies. Got it? Not? Mother, you, simplicity ... well, look at our Soviet fiction: it is not considered true there, what really is, and that, what I wanted, that was. In other words: truth is that, what should be.”

“Nonsense! My dear fugitive, someday they will erect monuments to us. But not everyone. Yes, Yes, - not for everyone! Monuments are not for the cold and poor food, not for sickness and death, and already, sure, not for work - after all, it is the same for prisoners and free, and they work side by side. We do not want, to feel sorry for us, - we are waiting for an understanding of the essence of our heroism: we are tormented by the cold on a par with civilians and hunger on a par with criminals, but besides this, and a thousand times more evil day and night we are tormented by the thought of the injustice of our imprisonment!”

“Lfood on dirty strawI am close eyes and listen to the measured sound of wheels, carrying awayme further and further east, from family, into the unknown.I AM I'm going to that very Siberia, Whereto me to serve twenty-four years of imprisonment and exile ... But ...I AM on duty. In my chest is the guarantee of immortality.I AM must prove worthy of his fate. I answer her like a soldier: "I serve the Soviet people!»