Russian women artists 19-20 in. Part 2

continuation


In Russia, the path to professional art training was opened for women in the middle 19 century, while, eg, as in France much later (Maria Bashkirtseva, living in k. 19 in. in France, in his diary notes the skepticism of the French towards young women artists). Since. according to their traditional social purpose, women could not completely surrender to creativity, giving preference to family, then, as a result, among the fairer sex there are relatively few successful artistic masters of painting. Nevertheless, there are Russian women artists in our history., who have achieved, to immortalize your name.
1. Ostroumova-Lebedeva
Русские женщины-художницы 19-20 в. Часть 2

Anna Ostroumova-Lebedeva was born in 1871 year in St. Petersburg in the family of a senator. Contrary to the wishes of her parents, she insisted on her art education. After graduating from the Academy, Anna Petrovna was diagnosed with asthma, caused by working with oil paints. The artist switched to watercolors and prints. Ostroumova-Lebedeva has proven herself, first of all, like a wonderful landscape painter. Lived a happy life married to chemist C. Lebedev, famous topics, that he was the first to synthesize rubber on an industrial scale. During the blockade, Anna Petrovna refused to leave Petersburg, continuing to paint.
2. Kiseleva Elena
художница Киселева Е.

Elena Andreevna Kiseleva born in 1878 year in Voronezh, in the family of mathematician A. Kiseleva, whose textbooks have taught more than one generation of Russian people. Elena Andreevna became the first woman of the Academy of Arts, honored retirement trip to Europe. Portraits brought particular popularity to Kiseleva, basically, female. The fate of the artist was very sad. At the beginning of the war, Elena Andreevna and her husband moved to the Balkans. But the new homeland did not save from the tragedy: the artist's son was captured, and after his release he died suddenly. More Kiseleva did not take on the brushes.
3. Serebryakova Zinaida
Русские женщины-художницы 19-20 в. Часть 2

Serebryakova Zinaida Evgenievna was born in 1884 year in the Belgorod district. She could not help but become an artist, because. and father, and mother were creative people. Her uncle – renowned artist and critic A. Benoit. For a long time the name of Serebryakova was not widely known, because. after the revolution, the artist went to Europe, but, as it turned out, the way back to her was already closed. In France, Serebryakova continued to work, but did not gain much fame. And only in the 60s Russia “opened” for myself a wonderful Russian artist, after which the name of Serebryakova thundered all over the world.
Беление холста. 1917.
Whitening the canvas. 1917.
4. Lyubov Popova
Любовь Попова

Popova Lyubov Sergeevna was born in 1889 year in the village of Ivanovsky, Moscow province in the family of an entrepreneur. Her creative path is curious, as young ladies from a wealthy merchant family to the leading avant-garde artist in Russia. Not many people know, that thanks to Lyubov Popova and Varvara Stepanova, fabrics with an original pattern appeared in our country, which were produced at a cotton-printing factory in Moscow. Correct geometric shape, spectacular pattern intersections, rich color was successfully accepted by society. In fact, Popova's works became the harbingers of optical art (op-art) and current digital design.
Варвара Степанова в платье из ткани по ее рисунку. 1924.
Varvara Stepanova in a dress made of fabric according to her drawing. 1924.
5. Natalia Goncharova
русские женщины-художницы

Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova, one of the few successful female artists, whose glory has gone beyond the borders of Russia. Together with her husband Mikhail Larionov, they became the founders of Rayonism, direction in painting, which turned to the origins of ancient Russian art. World, according to artists, perceived by a person as a set of intersecting rays, and the artist's task is to convey this vision using colored lines. Goncharova's works can be found in many major museums, as well as in private collections. Painting cost “Spanish” made up $10 million. Goncharova's skill as a theater artist was manifested in "Spaniard": the powerful energy of the Spanish dance was conveyed in the composition. At the same time, she managed to combine the detailing of theatrical scenery and simplification, inherent in abstract art.
Испанка, 1916 г.
Spanish, 1916 g.
Русские женщины-художницы 19-20 в. Часть 2